BuzzMachine on Flickr’s Interestingness Jeff Jarvis linked to one of my articles this morning in a post on interestingness. Like me, Jeff has been impressed with interestingness and says that he’s been telling anyone who will listen about it. Today Jeff asks two really good questions. First, does interestingness have to be restricted to photos or could it be applied other areas of search as well and 2. Need interestingness be confined to a single site, or as one of his readers KirkH suggests, could interestingness work in a more decentralized way through something like P2P.
I think it’s really great that people are examining the concept of interestingness because I think the potential with human filters is huge. Digg is perhaps the next up and coming smart human filter most relevant to search.
Below is the comment I left on Jeff’s site in response to the article:
“Where interestingness works for Flickr is that there is a great deal of community interaction that is built around the photos of Flickr. All of this data, favorites, comments, notes, views, etc. represent activity and interest. Especially when people are marking a photograph as a favorite it says that they think it is good. When you have enough unrelated people saying something is good, there is a good chance that it is interesting.
Flickr is like an addiction for many. Iíve got over 11,000 photos marked as favorites (check them out via the link if you have a few seconds — believe it or not they are all truly amazing). You get sucked in and can spend hours and hours and hours participating in it. So it is this massive amount of free labor that allows a finely tuned human filter to run through the photos of Flickr. There are still some little things that Flickr can do to get the tagging better (a spellchecker for tags, promoting and incentivizing tagging even more, actually hiring college interns or other low cost labor to tag their top photographers with additional tags ó especially highly searched tags where appropriate, etc.). But what makes the interestingness algorithm most compelling is that it works really really well. And it works really really well because of the massive amount of human time that goes into reviewing the photographs on Flickr.
Even still, with Flickr today image search still has a long way to go. The biggest problem with image search at Flickr is simply that the library is too small. Image Search at Google and Yahoo! is completely exhaustive. If I want to find a photo of some rare river in Africa, there is a good chance that I can find one. It wonít be a very good one, but it will be there. Flickr on the other hand only has something over 1 million members (I havenít seen any updates on members since the Flickr blog announced their one millionth member a while back). Although one million sounds like a lot, itís not. One million people are fantastic at getting you the very best photo possible of the Empire State Building, or of a rose, or of the Golden Gate Bridge, or of ďSan DiegoĒ, etc. You get the idea. But you wonít find that rare river in Africa on FlickrÖ yet.
The key to Flickrís continued dominance in image search will be to continue to recruit the very best photographers. Eventually one of them will make their way to Africa and weíll actually get that fantastic photo of the rare river that we are looking for. Iíve suggested in the past that Flickr create a very inexpensive rewards type program to incentivize referral activity to the site. Certainly giving top photographers even free Pro accounts, etc. could help. But these are the ones you want essentially shooting your images for your future image searches at Flickr.
Flickr also most likely (and should) assigns rankings to their members. Iím not sure on this for sure as interestingness is ďsecret sauceĒ or so they say. But I suspect that Flickr is also looking at how reliable a persons comments are towards superior photography. If Iím a somewhat uninvolved Flickr member but my Aunt Mary posts her wedding photos on Flickr and I fav them all, these should carry less weight than if Iím involved in the community and consistently rank well. Reputation ranking will also be something to watch in the future.
Perhaps the thing that is most important to consider with all search though is how little anything beyond the 2nd page matters. Almost all searches stop after two pages and this is as deep as any human filter needs to go really. The rest of the stuff will be there for the rare times that itís needed. And a lot of the long tail stuff as well.
So there are two questions really. 1. Why in the blazes has Yahoo! still not integrated Flickrís interestingness into their own image search where applicable? and 2. How do you translate the superior model of image search that Flickr has achieved to other areas of the internet?
Perhaps the closest thing Iíve seen that may have potential is Digg (who congrats just received more funding). Similar to Flickr the idea behind Digg is that people either dig a story or they donít. They seem to be building a large community quickly and for the posts of mine that have shown up there ranked highly the traffic has been massive. Mining Diggís top stories (which are run through their member’s human filter) and assigning high search page ranks to highly ranked stories would make sense.
Like Flickr though, Digg will depend on a community. And you need to keep this community happy and incentivized to continue to be your human filter. I think that building online communities will represent great opportunity in the next five years and the ones that catch on will have much more value in the form of the byproduct of smart filters than people realize today. Yahoo! was very smart to pick up Flickr. I suspect that Digg may be the next one scooped up.
Flickr and Digg can never fully replace search as we know it today. They can merely enhance it. Neither is exhaustive enough to cover the breadth needed. But when horses race and the winner by a nose gets all the money any small enhancement in search is magnified.
Thanks for the link Jeff. “